Implementation and early adaptation of patient-reported outcome measures into an electronic health record: A technical report

Health Informatics J. 2020 Mar;26(1):129-140. doi: 10.1177/1460458218813710. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Abstract

We integrated and optimized patient-reported outcome measures into the electronic health record to provide quantitative, objective data regarding patients' health status, which is important for patient care, payer contracts, and research. With a multidisciplinary team from information technology, clinical informatics, population health, and physician champions, we used formal human-computer interaction techniques and user-centered design to integrate several technology platforms and computerized adaptive testing for the National Institutes of Health Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System. The patient-reported outcome measure system leverages software frequently used by health systems and provides data for research and clinical care via a mobile-responsive web application using Symfony, with REDCap for configuring assessments and de-identified data storage. The system incorporates Oracle databases and Epic flowsheets. Patients complete patient-reported outcome measures, with data viewable in MyChart and Epic Synopsis Reports. Researchers can access data portals. The highly usable, successful patient-reported outcome measures platform is acceptable to patients and clinicians and achieved 73 percent overall completion rates.

Keywords: IT design and development methodologies; clinical informatics; electronic health records; orthopedics; patient-reported outcome measures.