Background: Short-stem (SS) hip prostheses for total hip arthroplasty (THA) have gained popularity as surgeons strive to reproduce physiological stress distributions at the proximal femur. Additionally, as THA indications continue to target younger populations, preservation of femoral bone stock for potential revision surgeries is particularly appealing. However, little is known regarding the short-term complications of each variety of short stem during the learning curve period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the short-term complications among the THA recipients with the use of a novel SS hip prosthesis.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients undergoing primary THA utilizing an Echo Bi-Metric Microplasty hip stem. Patient demographics, surgical factors, complications and quality outcomes were collected utilizing our institution's data warehouse and verified by chart review.
Results: In total, 182 SSs were implanted in 168 patients undergoing primary THA. Of these, 5 (2.9%) patients sustained a periprosthetic fracture. Two fractures occurred during the index hospital admission, and 3 occurred in the post-discharge period. Subset analysis demonstrated that 4 (80%) fractures had occurred during the initial learning curve period, within the first 30 surgical cases with a SS.
Conclusion: Short-stem hip prostheses are a safe alternative for THA. The results of the present study demonstrate a fracture incidence of 2.9% among patients. However, surgeons should remain cautious when utilizing new implant system and expect a learning curve. In this study, 80% of periprosthetic fractures following SS THA occurred within the first 30 cases for experienced arthroplasty-trained surgeons.
Keywords: Dual taper; Learning curve; Outcomes; Periprosthetic fracture; Short stem; Total hip arthroplasty.