8-Ketodeoxycoformycin and 8-ketocoformycin as intermediates in the biosynthesis of 2'-deoxycoformycin and coformycin

Biochemistry. 1988 Jul 26;27(15):5790-5. doi: 10.1021/bi00415a059.


An enzyme has been isolated from cell-free extracts of Streptomyces antibioticus that can catalyze the reduction of 8-ketodeoxycoformycin (8-KetodCF) and 8-ketocoformycin (8-ketoCoF) to the naturally occurring nucleoside analogues 2'-deoxycoformycin (dCF) and coformycin (CoF), respectively. The partially purified reductase requires NADPH as the cofactor and stereospecifically reduces the 8-keto group of both ketonucleoside substrates to a hydroxyl group with the R configuration at C-8. This is the same configuration of the hydroxyl group as that of the dCF and CoF isolated from S. antibioticus. The reduction proceeds at the nucleoside level, and ATP is not required. The reductase is stereospecific for the NADPH cofactor in that it transfers the pro-S but not the pro-R hydrogen from C-4 of NADPH to the 8-keto group. The apparent Km for 8-ketodCF and 8-ketoCoF were 250 and 150 microM, respectively. These in vitro results, which show that 8-ketodCF and 8-ketoCoF may be intermediates in the biosynthesis of dCF and CoF, support and extend our earlier results from in vivo studies which established that adenosine and C-1 of D-ribose are the carbon-nitrogen precursors of dCF. A possible mechanism for the formation of dCF is presented.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Deaminase Inhibitors
  • Coformycin / analogs & derivatives
  • Coformycin / biosynthesis*
  • Ketones
  • NADP / metabolism
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Pentostatin
  • Phosphorylation
  • Ribonucleosides / biosynthesis*
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Streptomyces / metabolism*
  • Streptomyces antibioticus / metabolism*


  • Adenosine Deaminase Inhibitors
  • Ketones
  • Ribonucleosides
  • Coformycin
  • Pentostatin
  • NADP