Background: Injection drug use is the primary mode of transmission for hepatitis C virus (HCV), and treatment guidelines recommend treating HCV-infected people who use drugs; however, concerns about adherence, effectiveness, and reinfection have impeded treatment uptake.
Methods: Data were pooled from seven phase III trials that evaluated the efficacy and safety of 8 or 12 weeks of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P) in patients chronically infected with HCV genotypes 1-6. Patients had compensated liver disease, with or without cirrhosis, and were HCV treatment-naïve or -experienced with interferon or pegylated interferon ± ribavirin, or sofosbuvir plus ribavirin ± pegylated interferon. Patients were grouped into recent drug users (injection drug use ≤12 months before screening, positive urine drug screen [UDS], and/or drug-related adverse event), former drug users (>12 months before screening and negative UDS), or non-drug users. Assessments included sustained virologic response at 12 weeks posttreatment (SVR12), treatment adherence, and safety.
Results: Among 1819 patients, 5%, 34%, and 61% were recent, former, and non-drug users, respectively. Treatment adherence and completion were high (≥96%) regardless of drug use status. SVR12 was achieved by 93% (n/N = 91/98), 97% (n/N = 591/610), and >99% (n/N = 1106/1111) of recent, former, and non-drug users, respectively (intention-to-treat analysis). The overall rates of virologic failure were ≤1.5% across all three subpopulations, with no HCV reinfections among recent drug users. Drug-related serious adverse events and adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation were experienced by ≤1% of patients.
Conclusions: G/P is a well-tolerated and efficacious pangenotypic regimen for chronic HCV-infected people with recent or active drug use.
Keywords: ABT-493; ABT-530; Hepatitis C; Injection drug use; Opioid substitution therapy.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.