Prenatal diagnosis of cleft lip and cleft lip palate - a case series

Med Ultrason. 2018 Dec 8;20(4):531-535. doi: 10.11152/mu-1582.


Aim: Orofacial clefts comprise cleft lip (CL) or cleft lip-palate (CLP) and are the most frequently encountered malformation of the facial region, accounting for approximately 1-2.2/1,000 live births. The aim of this study was to reveal the particularities regarding the prenatal diagnosis of orofacial clefts in a series of 11 cases diagnosed in a tertiary center.Material and methods: The study was performed in a tertiary diagnostic center for a period of 8 years (January 2010 - December 2017), on8125 patients that were assessed for screening or suspicion of malformations.

Results: During the assessed period a number of 11 fetuses (0.13%) were diagnosed by 2D and 3D ultrasound with CL (4 cases) or CLP (7 cases). The smallest gestational age at diagnosis was of 14 weeks, whereas the highest was 35 weeks. Of the 7 cases diagnosed with CLP, 4 presented also other associated anomalies that involved the central nervous system, the kidney, the skeleton and the stomach. All 4 cases of CL had identifiable associated anomalies. Termination of pregnancy was encountered in 3 cases with CLP.

Conclusions: CLP can be diagnosed even at the end of the 1st trimester of pregnancy. CL is usually diagnosed during the 2nd trimester ultrasound exam and is commonly an isolated anomaly.

MeSH terms

  • Cleft Lip / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cleft Lip / embryology*
  • Cleft Palate / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cleft Palate / embryology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Pregnancy
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods*