Peripheral insulin parallels changes in insulin secretion more closely than C-peptide after bolus intravenous glucose administration

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1988 Nov;67(5):1094-9. doi: 10.1210/jcem-67-5-1094.

Abstract

The changes in peripheral serum insulin and plasma C-peptide levels and in the insulin secretory rate in response to iv glucose (0.5 g/kg BW) administration were studied in seven normal subjects. Insulin secretory rates were calculated according to a two-compartment model of distribution for C-peptide, using individual C-peptide kinetics calculated from iv bolus injections of biosynthetic human C-peptide. The mean plasma glucose level increased from a fasting level of 5.1 +/- 0.1 (+/- SE) to a peak of 24.0 +/- 1.0 mmol/L at 3 min and reached basal levels 101 +/- 6 min after glucose administration. The mean serum insulin value increased from 50 +/- 12 to a peak of 405 +/- 58 pmol/L at 3 min and then declined to fasting levels 139 +/- 14 min after the stimulus. In contrast, the mean plasma C-peptide level increased from 390 +/- 50 to a peak of 1460 +/- 210 pmol/L at 3 min and only began declining 45 min after glucose administration, reaching fasting levels 191 +/- 15 min after the stimulus. The mean insulin secretory rate increased from 69.8 +/- 19.9 to a peak of 1412.7 +/- 159.1 pmol/min at 3 min (15.3 +/- 2.5-fold elevation over baseline) and reached basal levels 135 +/- 12 min after the stimulus. The clearance of endogenous insulin during the basal period (2.505 +/- 0.365 L/min) and that during the 4 h after the stimulus (2.319 +/- 0.230 L/min) were similar. In conclusion, after bolus iv glucose administration: 1) the insulin secretory rate is more closely represented by changes in peripheral serum insulin than in plasma C-peptide levels; and 2) no change in endogenous insulin clearance occurs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • C-Peptide / blood*
  • Female
  • Glucose / administration & dosage*
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Insulin / blood*
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Pancreas / drug effects
  • Pancreas / metabolism
  • Secretory Rate

Substances

  • C-Peptide
  • Insulin
  • Glucose