Background: Many people who experience a disaster will do so as part of an occupational group, either by chance or due to the nature of their role.
Sources of data: This review is based on literature published in scientific journals.
Areas of agreement: There are many social and occupational factors, which affect post-disaster mental health. In particular, effective social support-both during and post-disaster-appears to enhance psychological resilience.
Areas of controversy: There is conflicting evidence regarding the best way to support trauma-exposed employees. Many organisations carry out post-incident debriefing despite evidence that this is unhelpful.
Growing points: Employees who are well supported tend to have better psychological outcomes and as a result may be more likely to perform well at work.
Areas timely for developing research: The development and evaluation of workplace interventions designed to help managers facilitate psychological resilience in their workforce is a priority. Successful interventions could substantially increase resilience and reduce the risk of long-term mental health problems in trauma-exposed employees.
Keywords: / mental health; / organisations; / trauma; disasters.
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