To retrospectively analyze and quantitatively correlate UGT1A1 (bilirubin UDP- glucuronosyltransferase gene) genotypes and unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia (UCH) phenotypes among Chinese children.We retrospectively reviewed UCH patients, quantitatively analyzed genotype-phenotype correlation by comparing with healthy controls. Pfam database, SWISS-model, and Pymol were used for UGT1A1 protein domain analysis and protein modeling for assessing the effect of novel missense variants on protein structure.Seventy four cases, including 21 prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia (PUCH), 30 Gilbert syndrome (GS), 22 Crigler-Najjar syndrome type II (CNS-II), and 1 Crigler-Najjar syndrome type I (CNS-I) phenotypes were analyzed. Total of 21 variants, including 7 novel variants (c.764T>A/p.L255Q, c.1112C>T/p.T371I, c.1028C>A/p.S343X, c.1047delG/p.I350YfsX16, c.996 + 5G>C/g.6923G>C, c.287G>A/p.G96E, and c.1142G>A/p.S381N) were found. In the multiple regression model, heterozygous A(TA)7TAA, G71R/P364L, and Y486D/other mutations were significantly associated with increased risk of GS, PUCH, and CNS-II, respectively. Total allele number is significantly associated with GS and CNS-II, with each increase in total allele number, the odds ratio (OR) of having GS and CNS-II increased by 1.46 and 4.47 fold, respectively. Having only functional polymorphisms in UGT1A1 gene is associated with increased risk of PUCH, and GS with OR values of 5.67 (95% CI: 1.52-21.13), and 3.88 (95% CI: 1.02-14.78), respectively. Having only mutation is associated with significantly increased risk of having GS phenotype (OR: 34.00, 95% CI: 4.65-248.37), but not CNS-II. Polymorphism plus mutation had the strongest association with CNS-II with OR value of 64.80 (95% CI: 7.68-546.41), followed by GS (OR: 4.53, 95% CI: 1.08-19.08).We detected 7 novel variants, and quantitatively calculated risks of having specific phenotypes using genetic data. Among Chinese children, G71R and P364L is independently associated with PUCH, A(TA)7TAA is associated with GS, and Y486D or other disease-causing mutations were associated with CNS-II. Multiple alleles were associated with more severe phenotypes. Combined variant of G71R+Y486D is a common occurrence among Chinese children with UCH.