Background/purpose: Blood type has become an increasingly recognized risk factor for coagulopathy. We explored the association between blood type and hematoma expansion (HE) after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).
Methods: Spontaneous ICH patients prospectively enrolled in an ongoing ICH cohort study at Columbia University Irving Medical Center from 2009 to 2016 were evaluated. Primary ICH patients with admission blood type testing were evaluated for HE differences, defined as > 33% relative HE. The association of blood type with radiographic HE outcomes was assessed using multivariable logistic regression models. The association of blood type and poor clinical outcomes using modified Rankin Scale (mRS 4-6) was additionally explored.
Results: Of 272 ICH patients with blood type data and neuroimaging available to determine HE, there were 146 (54%) type-O, 82 (30%) type-A, 34 (13%) type-B, and 10 (3%) type-AB patients. No significant baseline demographic, clinical, or radiographic differences were noted between blood types. Type-B blood was associated with more HE compared to other blood types (OR 2.82; 95% CI 1.23-6.45) after adjusting for known covariates of HE (anticoagulant use, time to admission computed tomography scan, and baseline hematoma volume). No associations with blood type and poor 3 month mRS were identified, but these analyses were limited secondary to our smaller cohort.
Conclusions: There may be differences in HE after ICH in patients with different blood types. Further work is required to replicate these findings and identify the pathophysiologic mechanisms behind coagulopathy between blood types after ICH.
Keywords: ABO blood type; Coagulopathy; Hematoma expansion; Intracerebral hemorrhage.