A mutation in the 530 loop of Escherichia coli 16S ribosomal RNA causes resistance to streptomycin

Nucleic Acids Res. 1988 Oct 25;16(20):9631-9. doi: 10.1093/nar/16.20.9631.


Oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis was used to introduce an A to C transversion at position 523 in the 16S ribosomal RNA gene of Escherichia coli rrnB operon cloned in plasmid pKK3535. E. coli cells transformed with the mutated plasmid were resistant to streptomycin. The mutated ribosomes isolated from these cells were not stimulated by streptomycin to misread the message in a poly(U)-directed assay. They were also restrictive to the stimulation of misreading by other error-promoting related aminoglycoside antibiotics such as neomycin, kanamycin or gentamicin, which do not compete for the streptomycin binding site. The 530 loop where the mutation in the 16S rRNA is located has been mapped at the external surface of the 30S subunit, and is therefore distal from the streptomycin binding site at the subunit interface. Our results support the conclusion that the mutation at position 523 in the 16S rRNA does not interfere with the binding of streptomycin, but prevents the drug from inducing conformational changes in the 530 loop which account for its miscoding effect. Since this effect primarily results from a perturbation of the translational proofreading control, our results also provide evidence that the 530 loop of the 16S rRNA is involved in this accuracy control.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Drug Resistance, Microbial / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Mutagenicity Tests
  • Mutation*
  • Nucleotide Mapping
  • Peptide Elongation Factors / metabolism
  • RNA, Ribosomal / genetics*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / metabolism
  • Receptors, Drug / genetics
  • Ribosomes / drug effects
  • Ribosomes / metabolism
  • Streptomycin / genetics*
  • Streptomycin / pharmacology


  • Peptide Elongation Factors
  • RNA, Ribosomal
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Receptors, Drug
  • elongation factor T
  • Streptomycin