Storage-induced change in platelet transfusion response evaluated by serial transfusions from one donor to one patient

Transfusion. 2019 Feb;59(2):723-728. doi: 10.1111/trf.15079. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Abstract

Background: Storage of platelet concentrates (PCs) results in storage lesions with possible detrimental effects on platelet recovery after transfusion, which might affect their ability to prevent or arrest bleeding. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of PCs stored for 1 to 3 or 5 to 7 days by assessing the corrected count increment (CCI) after transfusion. To isolate the effects of storage time, we studied serial transfusions of PCs obtained from one donor and one donation, and transfused to one single recipient after storage for 1 to 3 days and 5 to 7 days.

Study design and methods: Platelets were obtained from one donor by apheresis, divided into two units (>240 × 109 platelets/unit) and stored for 1 to 3 and 5 to 7 days, respectively, before transfusion. The PCs were transfused on normal indications to patients undergoing treatment at the hematology ward. Platelet count was measured before and after transfusion.

Results: Thirty patients concluded the study according to the protocol. The mean storage time was 2.4 ± 0.7 and 5.7 ± 0.8 days for platelets transfused on Days 1 to 3 and 5 to 7, respectively. Storage for 5 to 7 days decreased the 1-hour transfusion response as compared to platelets stored 1 to 3 days, from a CCI of 17 ± 7 to 13 ± 5. Despite this decrease, 86% of the 5 to 7 days stored PCs resulted in a CCI above the cutoff value for a successful transfusion of 7.5, which was not significantly different to PCs stored for 1 to 3 days.

Conclusion: Storage of PCs for 5 to 7 days only slightly altered the transfusion response.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Donors*
  • Blood Platelets / cytology
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism*
  • Blood Preservation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Platelet Transfusion*
  • Plateletpheresis
  • Time Factors