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Review
, 31 (4), 378-388

Artificial Intelligence and Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Current Status and Future Perspective

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Review

Artificial Intelligence and Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Current Status and Future Perspective

Yuichi Mori et al. Dig Endosc.

Abstract

With recent breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is gaining increasing attention. Main research focuses in this field include automated identification of dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus and detection of early gastric cancers. By helping endoscopists avoid missing and mischaracterizing neoplastic change in both the esophagus and the stomach, these technologies potentially contribute to solving current limitations of gastroscopy. Currently, optical diagnosis of early-stage dysplasia related to Barrett's esophagus can be precisely achieved only by endoscopists proficient in advanced endoscopic imaging, and the false-negative rate for detecting gastric cancer is approximately 10%. Ideally, these novel technologies should work during real-time gastroscopy to provide on-site decision support for endoscopists regardless of their skill; however, previous studies of these topics remain ex vivo and experimental in design. Therefore, the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of CAD for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in clinical practice remain unknown, although a considerable number of pilot studies have been conducted by both engineers and medical doctors with excellent results. This review summarizes current publications relating to CAD for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from the perspective of endoscopists and aims to indicate what is required for future research and implementation in clinical practice.

Keywords: computer-aided; detection; esophagus; gastroscopy; stomach.

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