Myosin Heavy Chain 10 (MYH10) Gene Silencing Reduces Cell Migration and Invasion in the Glioma Cell Lines U251, T98G, and SHG44 by Inhibiting the Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway

Med Sci Monit. 2018 Dec 15;24:9110-9119. doi: 10.12659/MSM.911523.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The myosin heavy chain 10 or MYH10 gene encodes non-muscle myosin II B (NM IIB), and is involved in tumor cell migration, invasion, extracellular matrix (ECM) production, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). This study aimed to investigate the effects of the MYH10 gene on normal human glial cells and glioma cell lines in vitro, by gene silencing, and to determine the signaling pathways involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS The normal human glial cell line HEB, and the glioma cell lines, U251, T98G, and SHG44 were studied. Plasmid transfection silenced the MYH10 gene. The cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay evaluated cell viability. Cell migration and invasion were evaluated using scratch and transwell assays. Western blot measured the protein expression levels, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression levels, for MYH10, metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA-1), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 2 (TIMP2), collagen 1, E-cadherin, vimentin, Wnt3a, β-catenin, and cyclin D1. RESULTS The MYH10 gene was overexpressed in U251, T98G, and SHG44 cells. MYH10 expression was down-regulated following siMYH10 plasmid interference, which also inhibited glioma cell migration and invasion. MYH10 gene silencing resulted in reduced expression of MTA-1, MPP-2, MMP-9 and vimentin, and increased expression of TIMP-2, E-cadherin and collagen 1 at the protein and mRNA level, and inhibited the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. CONCLUSIONS In human glioma cell lines, silencing the MYH10 gene reduced cell migration and invasion, by inhibiting the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, which may regulate the ECM and inhibit EMT in human glioma.

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis / genetics
  • Brain Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Brain Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement / genetics
  • Cell Proliferation / genetics
  • Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
  • Gene Silencing
  • Glioma / genetics*
  • Glioma / metabolism
  • Glioma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / genetics*
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / metabolism
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neuroglia / metabolism
  • Neuroglia / pathology
  • Nonmuscle Myosin Type IIB / genetics*
  • Nonmuscle Myosin Type IIB / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
  • RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway*

Substances

  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Nonmuscle Myosin Type IIB
  • nonmuscle myosin type IIB heavy chain
  • Myosin Heavy Chains