Aim: Allergy inhibitory receptor-1 (Allergin-1) is a newly identified immune regulatory molecule thought to influence autoantibody production. Autoantibody production, like that observed in Allergin-1-deficient mice, is crucial in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus. The purpose of this study is to clarify the regulatory role of Allergin-1-mediated autoantibody production using a murine model of thymocytic anaphylaxis.
Methods: C57BL/6 (WT) and Allergin-1-deficient mice were treated with apoptotic cells from naive thymocytes stimulated by dexamethasone. Antibody titers of total or immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass of anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) and anti-histone antibody from serum were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Macrophages from wild-type (WT) or Allergin-1-deficient mice were co-cultured with fluorescence-labeled apoptotic thymocytes or fluorogenic reagent and resultant phagocytic activity was quantified by with flow cytometry.
Results: After apoptotic cells injection, antibody titers of total and IgG3 anti-dsDNA and total anti-histone from serum were significantly increased in Allergin-1-deficient versus WT mice. Phagocytic activity was significantly lower in macrophages from Allergin-1-deficient mice versus WT mice.
Conclusion: Allergin-1 might play an inhibitory role in autoantibody production via upregulation of macrophage phagocytosis.
Keywords: Allergin-1; autoantibody; lupus nephritis; phagocytosis; systemic lupus erythematosus.
© 2018 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.