Spire localization via zinc finger-containing domain is crucial for the asymmetric division of mouse oocyte

FASEB J. 2019 Mar;33(3):4432-4447. doi: 10.1096/fj.201801905R. Epub 2018 Dec 17.


Zinc plays an essential role in mammalian oocyte maturation, fertilization, and early embryogenesis, and depletion of zinc impairs cell cycle control, asymmetric division, and cytokinesis in oocyte. We report that zinc, via the actin nucleator Spire, acts as an essential regulator of the actin cytoskeleton remodeling during mouse oocyte maturation and fertilization. Depletion of zinc in the mouse oocyte impaired cortical and cytoplasmic actin formation. Spire is colocalized with zinc-containing vesicles via its zinc finger-containing Fab1, YOTB, Vac 1, EEA1 (FYVE) domain. Improper localization of Spire by zinc depletion or mutations in the FYVE domain impair cytoplasmic actin mesh formations and asymmetric division and cytokinesis of oocyte. All 3 major domains of the Spire are required for its proper localization and activity. After fertilization or parthenogenetic activation, Spire localization was dramatically altered following zinc release from the oocyte. Collectively, our data reveal novel roles for zinc in the regulation of the actin nucleator Spire by controlling its localization in mammalian oocyte.-Jo, Y.-J., Lee, I.-W., Jung, S.-M., Kwon, J., Kim, N.-H., Namgoong, S. Spire localization via zinc finger-containing domain is crucial for the asymmetric division of mouse oocyte.

Keywords: Soire; asymmetric division; zinc finger.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actin Cytoskeleton / physiology*
  • Actin Cytoskeleton / ultrastructure
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Asymmetric Cell Division / physiology*
  • Cytokinesis
  • Cytoplasmic Vesicles / metabolism
  • Female
  • Formins / metabolism
  • Meiosis / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Microfilament Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Microfilament Proteins / chemistry
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins / physiology*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / chemistry
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / physiology*
  • Oocytes / cytology
  • Oocytes / metabolism*
  • Parthenogenesis / drug effects
  • Point Mutation
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Protein Transport
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
  • Spindle Apparatus / physiology
  • Spindle Apparatus / ultrastructure
  • Strontium / pharmacology
  • Zinc / physiology*
  • Zinc Fingers / physiology*


  • Formins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Spir-2 protein, mouse
  • Spire1 protein, mouse
  • formin 2 protein, mouse
  • strontium chloride
  • Zinc
  • Strontium