Neurologic and neuroscience education: Mitigating neurophobia to mentor health care providers

Neurology. 2019 Jan 22;92(4):174-179. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006716. Epub 2018 Dec 19.


Neurologic disorders are among the most frequent causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Moreover, the current shortfall of neurologists is expected to worsen over the coming decade. As a consequence, many patients with neurologic disorders will be treated by physicians and primary care providers without formal neurologic training. Furthermore, a pervasive and well-described fear of neurology, termed neurophobia, has been identified in medical student cohorts, residents, and among general practitioners. In this article, members of the American Academy of Neurology A.B. Baker Section on Neurological Education review current guidelines regarding neurologic and neuroscience education, contextualize the genesis and the negative consequences of neurophobia, and provide strategies to mitigate it for purposes of mentoring future generations of health care providers.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Delivery of Health Care / methods
  • Humans
  • Mentors / psychology*
  • Neurology / education*
  • Neurosciences / education*
  • Phobic Disorders / therapy*
  • United States