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. 2018 Dec 5;9:1738.
doi: 10.3389/fphys.2018.01738. eCollection 2018.

Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training vs. Sprint Interval Training on Anthropometric Measures and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Healthy Young Women

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Free PMC article

Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training vs. Sprint Interval Training on Anthropometric Measures and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Healthy Young Women

João Pedro A Naves et al. Front Physiol. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the effects of 8 weeks of two types of interval training, Sprint Interval Training (SIT) and High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT), on anthropometric measures and cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy young women. Methods: A randomized clinical trial in which 49 young active women [age, 30.4 ± 6.1 years; body mass index, 24.8 ± 3.1 kg.m-2; peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak), 34.9±7.5 mL.kg-1.min-1] were randomly allocated into a SIT or HIIT group. The SIT group performed four bouts of 30 s all-out cycling efforts interspersed with 4 min of recovery (passive or light cycling with no load). The HIIT group performed four bouts of 4-min efforts at 90-95% of peak heart rate (HRpeak) interspersed with 3 min of active recovery at 50-60% of HRpeak. At baseline and after 8 weeks of intervention, waist circumference, skinfolds (triceps, subscapular, suprailiac, abdominal, and thigh), body mass and BMI were measured by standard procedures and cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by cardiorespiratory graded exertion test on an electromagnetically braked cycle ergometer. Results: The HIIT and SIT groups improved, respectively, 14.5 ± 22.9% (P < 0.001) and 16.9 ± 23.4% (P < 0.001) in VO2peak after intervention, with no significant difference between groups. Sum of skinfolds reduced 15.8 ± 7.9 and 22.2 ± 6.4 from baseline (P < 0.001) for HIIT and SIT groups, respectively, with greater reduction for SIT compared to HIIT (P < 0.05). There were statistically significant decreases in waist circumference (P < 0.001) for the HIIT (-3.1 ± 1.1%) and SIT (-3.3 ± 1.8%) groups, with no significant difference between groups. Only SIT showed significant reductions in body weight and BMI (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Eight weeks of HIIT and SIT resulted in improvements in anthropometric measures and cardiorespiratory fitness, even in the absence of changes in dietary intake. In addition, the SIT protocol induced greater reductions than the HIIT protocol in the sum of skinfolds. Both protocols appear to be time-efficient interventions, since the HIIT and SIT protocols took 33 and 23 min (16 and 2 min of effective training) per session, respectively.

Keywords: cardiorespiratory fitness; exercise; interval training; physical fitness; weight loss.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Flow diagram of participants through all phases of the trial.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Changes in the sum of skinfolds (ΔΣ5 skinfolds) induced by High intensity interval training (HIIT, n = 25) and Sprint interval training (SIT, n = 24). Data are expressed as means ± standard deviation*P < 0.05.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Histogram of the relative changes in triceps (A), subscapular (B), suprailiac (C), abdominal (D) thigh (E), and Σ5 skinfolds (F) for each individual after 8 weeks interval training in young women.

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