Evaluation of targeted human papillomavirus vaccination education among undergraduate college students

J Am Coll Health. 2019 Nov-Dec;67(8):781-789. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2018.1515742. Epub 2018 Dec 20.


Objective: To design and evaluate pharmacy student-led educational sessions to improve health beliefs about the HPV vaccine in college-aged students. Participants: Students aged 18-26 attending a large, urban university, including 545 respondents to a December 2014 needs assessment survey about HPV-related health beliefs, 131 students participating in educational sessions during 2015-2016 (intervention group), and 369 undergraduate respondents completing the needs assessment survey (control group). Methods: A needs assessment survey was conducted to inform design and implementation of pharmacy student-led educational sessions. A similar survey was administered to students after attending educational sessions. Health beliefs were compared for the intervention versus control group. Results: The intervention group was less likely to report high perceived barriers to HPV vaccination and more likely to report high perceived benefits and intention to vaccinate (if previously unvaccinated). Conclusions: Pharmacy student-led, health belief-based educational sessions were associated with improved health beliefs about HPV vaccination.

Keywords: College health; health behavior; human papillomavirus; immunizations; pharmacy; sexual health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Education / methods
  • Health Education / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Papillomavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines / therapeutic use
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / psychology*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Students / psychology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Students, Pharmacy / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities / statistics & numerical data
  • Vaccination / psychology*
  • Vaccination / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult


  • Papillomavirus Vaccines