Operationalising integrated community case management of childhood illnesses by community health workers in rural Haryana

Acta Paediatr. 2018 Dec;107 Suppl 471:80-88. doi: 10.1111/apa.14428.


Aim: To conduct implementation research in integrated community case management (ICCM) of childhood pneumonia, diarrhoea and fever by promoting accredited social health activists as treatment providers and generate lessons for upscaling this approach.

Methods: In this one-sample study, 49 Accredited Social Health Activists were trained in ICCM. Community awareness and demand generation activities undertaken included announcements, pamphlets and posters. Supplies of medicines and supervision of activists were maintained throughout the 10-month implementation period. Three cross-sectional surveys were conducted in households with children aged 2-59 months for documenting two-week prevalence of illnesses and care-seeking practices. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were carried out with mothers/grandmothers and activists for documenting perceptions about health activists as treatment providers.

Results: One third of pneumonia (113/334) and one quarter of diarrhoea (102/408) cases at end-line were treated by Accredited Social Health Activists. Proportion of households seeking care from private providers (mostly unqualified) reduced significantly from baseline to endline (81-56% for diarrhoea, p < 0.01; 78-48% for pneumonia, p < 0.01). At endline, activists were considered an acceptable and attractive source for treatment near home.

Conclusion: Trained Accredited Social Health Activists can treat uncomplicated childhood illnesses and are accepted by the community in this role.

Keywords: Childhood pneumonia; Community health workers; Diarrhoea; Fever; Implementation research; Integrated community case management.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Child Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Child, Preschool
  • Community Health Workers / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Plan Implementation
  • Humans
  • India
  • Infant
  • Mothers / psychology
  • Mothers / statistics & numerical data*

Associated data

  • CTRI/CTRI/2016/02/006657