By vacuolar patch-clamp and Ca2+ imaging experiments, we show that the yeast vacuolar transient receptor potential (TRPY) channel 1 is activated by cytosolic Ca2+ and inhibited by Ca2+ from the vacuolar lumen. The channel is cooperatively affected by vacuolar Ca2+ (Hill coefficient, 1.5), suggesting that it may accommodate a Ca2+ receptor that can bind two calcium ions. Alanine scanning of six negatively charged amino acid residues in the transmembrane S5 and S6 linker, facing the vacuolar lumen, revealed that two aspartate residues, 401 and 405, are essential for current inhibition and direct binding of 45Ca2+. Expressed in HEK-293 cells, a significant fraction of TRPY1, present in the plasma membrane, retained its Ca2+ sensitivity. Based on these data and on homology with TRPV channels, we conclude that D401 and D405 are key residues within the vacuolar vestibule of the TRPY1 pore that decrease cation access or permeation after Ca2+ binding.
Keywords: Biophysics; Protein Structure Aspects; Structural Biology.
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