Menopause research in Latin America

Climacteric. 2019 Feb;22(1):17-21. doi: 10.1080/13697137.2018.1540565. Epub 2018 Dec 21.


For 15 years, the Collaborative Group for Research of the Climacteric in Latin America (REDLINC) has been conducting research on several topics including age of menopause, metabolic syndrome, quality of life and climacteric symptoms, sexual dysfunction, poor quality of sleep and insomnia, and use of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) in the general population and among gynecologists. Examples of data to have emerged for this region include the age of menopause (49 years), a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (42.9%), and a new waist circumference cut-off value for the Latin American population (88 cm). Sexual dysfunction, poor quality of life, and sleep disorders have a prevalence of over 50%, with obesity and sedentary lifestyles affected importantly. MHT use is still low (12.5%), lack of prescription the most important reason for not using it, and gynecologists use MHT for themselves but do not recommend it often to their patients. The prevalence of alternative therapy use, recommended by physicians, is high.

Keywords: Latin America; Menopause; climacteric symptoms; quality of life; research; sleep disorders.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Latin America / epidemiology
  • Menopause / physiology*
  • Menopause / psychology*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Quality of Life
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / epidemiology
  • Waist Circumference