Aim: Glioblastoma multiforme is one of the deadliest forms of cancer, and current treatments are limited to palliative cares. The present study proposes a nanotechnology-based solution able to improve both drug efficacy and its delivery efficiency.
Materials & methods: Nutlin-3a and superparamagnetic nanoparticles were encapsulated in solid lipid nanoparticles, and the obtained nanovectors (nutlin-loaded magnetic solid lipid nanoparticle [Nut-Mag-SLNs]) were characterized by analyzing both their physicochemical properties and their effects on U-87 MG glioblastoma cells.
Results: Nut-Mag-SLNs showed good colloidal stability, the ability to cross an in vitro blood-brain barrier model, and a superior pro-apoptotic activity toward glioblastoma cells with respect to the free drug.
Conclusion: Nut-Mag-SLNs represent a promising multifunctional nanoplatform for the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme.
Keywords: blood–brain barrier; dynamic fluidic models; glioblastoma multiforme; magnetic targeting; nutlin-3a; solid lipid nanoparticles.