Insulin and insulin-like peptides play a pivotal role in a wide variety of cellular and physiological events, including energy storage, proliferation, aging, and differentiation. Variants of insulin and insulin-like peptides may therefore be probes for studying the insulin signaling pathway and therapeutic candidates for treating metabolic diseases. Here, we report a method for genetically displaying single-chain insulin-like peptides on the surface of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain DY1632. Using a previously reported single-chain insulin analogue, SCI-57, as a model, we demonstrate that nearly 70% of yeast binds to insulin receptor (IR), suggesting that SCI-57 is folded correctly and maintains its IR binding property. Furthermore, the interaction between displayed SCI-57 and IR can be weakened using increasing concentrations of native insulin as a soluble competitor, suggesting that the interaction is insulin-dependent. We further applied this methodology to three other single-chain insulin analogues with various lengths and confirmed their interactions with IR. In summary, we successfully displayed a number of insulin-like peptides on a yeast surface and demonstrated insulin-dependent interactions with IR. This method may, therefore, be used for construction of libraries of insulin-like peptides to select for chemical probes or therapeutic molecules.