Objective: This article uses three brief case reports to illustrate how family-based treatment (FBT) can be used to treat pre-adolescents with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID).
Method: We present case material illustrating how FBT can be used in three different clinical presentations of ARFID: (1) low appetite and lack of interest; (2) sensory sensitive eaters; and (3) fear of aversive consequences eaters-all without shape or weight concerns.
Results: This case material illustrates that the main principles of FBT-agnosticism as to the cause of the illness, externalization, emphasizing the seriousness of ARFID, parental empowerment, behavioral consultation, and practical behavioral focus-are applicable for a range of ARFID clinical presentations. Common challenges in this patient group include (1) promoting urgency; (2) challenging long term behavioral accommodation; (3) lack of parental alignment, parental fatigue, (4) and co-morbid psychiatric problems in the patients. Strategies to address these problems are described.
Conclusion: FBT can be adapted for children with ARFID using the main principles of the approach.
Keywords: avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder; case studies; family-based treatment.
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.