Anal and perianal region is a commonly affected area in the course of several inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic diseases. Several imaging modalities may be used in imaging evaluation of this area and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) emerges as the imaging modality of choice due to its superb soft tissue resolution. MRI is not only useful for initial detection of anal/perianal pathologies but also in the follow-up of these disorders. In this article, we aimed to illustrate MRI findings of several diseases affecting this area including perianal fistula as well as anal fissure, hypertrophic myopathy of internal anal sphincter, hidradenitis suppurativa, pilonidal sinus, rectovaginal/anovaginal fistula and anal canal carcinoma. We think that this article will serve to familiarize the imaging specialists to the MRI findings of these diseases.