Emerging evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in cervical cancer (CC). However, the role of miRNA (miR)-665 in cervical cancer remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential functions of miR-665 in CC and to identify the underlying mechanisms of action. Herein, we show that miR-665 was downregulated in CC tissues and cell lines, which is negatively correlated with tumor size, distant metastasis, advanced TNM stage and poor prognosis. Functionally, miR-665 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion and resistance of cisplatin for CC cells, as well as tumor growth. We validated that transforming growth factor beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1) was a direct target of miR-665 and mediated the ERK/SMAD pathway. In addition, we identified miR-665 as the competing endogenous RNA for long noncoding (lnc)-DANCR. These observations suggested that lnc-DANCR-mediated miR-665 downregulation regulates the malignant phenotype of CC cells by targeting TGFBR1 through the ERK/SMAD pathway, which may present a pathway for novel therapeutic stratagems for CC therapy.
Keywords: DANCR; ERK/SMAD; TGFBR1; cervical cancer; miR-665.
© 2018 The Authors. Cancer Science published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association.