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, 9 (6), 309-313

Neck Pain in Adults With Forward Head Posture: Effects of Craniovertebral Angle and Cervical Range of Motion


Neck Pain in Adults With Forward Head Posture: Effects of Craniovertebral Angle and Cervical Range of Motion

Dae-Hyun Kim et al. Osong Public Health Res Perspect.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the cranial vertebral angle (CVA) and the range of motion (ROM) was different between participants with a forward head posture (FHP), with or without pain.

Methods: Forty-four participants who had FHP participated in this study. The FHP was assessed digitally by measuring a lateral view the CVA for each subject. A cervical ROM device measured the cervical ROM. The volunteers were allocated to either, with pain (n = 22), or without pain (n = 22) groups, and pain was evaluated using the Numeric Pain Rating Scale.

Results: The FHP in the pain group showed a significant difference in the CVA, and the cervical ROM in both flexion and extension, compared with those in the FHP without pain group (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that the occurrence of cervical area pain was higher amongst subjects who had a decreased CVA and flexion motion.

Conclusion: This study suggested that decreased CVA and cervical flexion range, were predictive factors for the occurrence of pain in the cervical region.

Keywords: pain; range of motion; vertebra.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflicts of Interest No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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