Evidence for age-related changes in pyridine nucleotide content of isolated rat islets

Horm Metab Res. 1988 Sep;20(9):559-61. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1010884.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to document the effect of age on alpha-glycerophosphate activity and pyridine nucleotide concentration in pancreatic islets isolated from rats. In order to do this, islets were isolated from pancreases of 2 and 12 month-old rats, and measurements made of alpha-glycerophosphate activity and of NAD+ and NADH, determinations were made following incubation at both basal (5.6 mM) and elevated glucose concentrations (28 mM). The results indicated that islet alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase activity was decreased (P less than 0.001) by approximately 50% in the older rats. This was associated with an increase in mean (+/- SEM) basal NADH content (pmol/microgram DNA) in 12 month-old (4.48 +/- 0.31) as compared to 2 month-old rats (2.73 +/- 0.49). Although mean (+/- SEM) basal NAD+ levels (pmol/microgram DNA) were the same in 2 and 12 month-old rats (29.4 +/- 2.5 and 30.8 +/- 2.8, respectively), NAD+ content following incubation at elevated levels of glucose declined (absolutely and relatively) to a significantly greater degree in the younger rats. The incremental rise in islet NADH concentration following incubation at the elevated glucose concentration was similar in the two groups, but the relative increase was only approximately half as great in islets from 12 month-old rats. These data indicate that the age-related decline in the activity of alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, the enzyme regulating the glycerophosphate shuttle system in 12 month-old rats, is associated with alterations in islet pyridine nucleotide composition.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Glycerolphosphate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • NAD / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains

Substances

  • NAD
  • Glycerolphosphate Dehydrogenase