Objectives: The National Institutes of Health Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a multidimensional screening system evaluating biopsychosocial factors affecting pain and functioning. Using a military sample, the current study 1) examined the structure and domains of the PROMIS, the Defense and Veterans Pain Rating Scale 2.0 (DVPRS), and the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) within a presurgical setting and 2) examined the relationship of these variables to pre- and postsurgical opioid use.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 279 adult patients scheduled for surgery at the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center and a validation sample of 79 additional patients from the Naval Medical Center, San Diego. PROMIS, DVPRS, PCS, and opioid use data were collected before surgery. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis identified the latent structure for the measures. A structural equation model (SEM) examined their relationship to pre- and postsurgical opioid use.
Results: Two latent factors represented Psychosocial Functioning (PROMIS Depression, PROMIS Anxiety, and PROMIS Social Isolation) and Pain Impact (DVPRS, PROMIS Pain Interference, PROMIS Physical Functioning). The remaining PROMIS scales did not load onto a single factor. In the SEM, the two latent factors and PCS were significantly related to pre- and postsurgical opioid use.
Conclusions: This study highlights the utility and relative ease of using a convenient multidimensional assessment in presurgical settings. Using such an assessment can help provide targeted interventions for individuals who may be at greatest risk for negative postsurgical outcomes.
Keywords: Military; Opioid Use; PROMIS; Pain Catastrophizing; Pain Intensity; Presurgical Patients.
2018 American Academy of Pain Medicine.