Failure to Thrive

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1988 Dec;35(6):1187-206. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)36578-6.


Malnutrition is the primary biologic insult in most cases of failure to thrive. A transactional model of infant development provides a framework for understanding the psychosocial context in which such malnutrition occurs. Each child who fails to thrive should receive a multidisciplinary evaluation to address the diagnostic and therapeutic implications of nutritional, medical, psychosocial, and developmental factors contributing to growth failure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child Development
  • Child, Preschool
  • Failure to Thrive / etiology*
  • Failure to Thrive / therapy
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Nutrition Disorders / etiology
  • Risk Factors