Characteristics and Management of Patients with Venous Thromboembolism: The GARFIELD-VTE Registry

Thromb Haemost. 2019 Feb;119(2):319-327. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1676611. Epub 2018 Dec 28.


Background: Management of venous thromboembolism (VTE), encompassing both deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), varies worldwide.

Methods: The Global Anticoagulant Registry in the FIELD - Venous Thromboembolism (GARFIELD-VTE) is a prospective, observational study of 10,685 patients with objectively diagnosed VTE recruited from May 2014 to January 2017 at 417 sites in 28 countries. All patients are followed for at least 3 years. We describe the baseline characteristics of the study population and their management within 30 days of diagnosis.

Results: The median age was 60.2 years; 50.4% were male; 61.7% had DVT and 38.3% had PE ± DVT; and 32.3% were obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2). The most common risk factors were surgery (12.5%), hospitalization (12.0%) and trauma to the lower limbs (7.8%). At the time of VTE diagnosis, 10.1% had active cancer and 5.7% were chronically immobilized. Treatment for VTE was anticoagulant (AC) therapy alone in 90.9% of patients; 5.1% received thrombolytic and/or surgical/mechanical therapy ± AC and 4.0% received no therapy. Pre-diagnosis, 12.8% received AC therapy alone and 0.2% received thrombolytic and/or surgical/mechanical therapy ± AC. After diagnosis, parenteral AC therapy alone was administered in 17.6% of patients, and it was followed by a direct oral AC (DOAC) in 16.4% or a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) in 26.8%. DOACs alone were prescribed to 32.3% of patients, while 5.9% received VKA alone.

Conclusion: The initial findings from this global registry highlight the heterogeneity in characteristics and management of VTE patients. Prospective follow-up will reveal the impact of this heterogeneity on outcomes.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anticoagulants / therapeutic use
  • Cardiology / methods
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Global Health
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pulmonary Embolism / epidemiology
  • Pulmonary Embolism / therapy
  • Registries
  • Venous Thromboembolism / epidemiology*
  • Venous Thromboembolism / therapy*
  • Venous Thrombosis / epidemiology
  • Venous Thrombosis / therapy


  • Anticoagulants