The behavioral state of animals is essential information for functional recordings of neuronal activity; practically, the exact timing when animals recover from anesthesia is important information. Recordings of cortical local field potentials and dorsal neck electromyograms (EMGs), a widely used method to identify behavioral states, requires at least two recording electrodes, one of which also requires a craniotomy procedure. In the present study, recordings of whisker EMGs alone are sufficient to detect the state switch from anesthesia to awakening in head-fixed mice. This method uses a single electrode and thus is technically simple and demands a less physical burden to animals. Moreover, whisker EMGs recorded under anesthesia reflect respiratory rhythms.
Keywords: Anesthesia; Awakening; Brain; Isoflurane; Urethane.
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