Snakebite burden in Sub-Saharan Africa: estimates from 41 countries

Toxicon. 2019 Mar 1;159:1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2018.12.002. Epub 2018 Dec 27.


There is no reliable estimate of burden of snakebite-envenoming (SBE) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We derived from a meta-analysis the burden of SBE related deaths, amputations and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in 41 countries in SSA. The annual burden was estimated at 1.03 million DALYs (95% Confidence Interval: 0.80-1.28 million DALYs). This is similar to or higher than the burden of many Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) and the finding advocates for a commensurate resources allocation towards control of SBE.

Keywords: Burden; Disability adjusted life years; Snakebite; Sub-Saharan Africa.

MeSH terms

  • Africa South of the Sahara / epidemiology
  • Amputation, Traumatic / epidemiology
  • Amputation, Traumatic / etiology
  • Humans
  • Neglected Diseases / epidemiology
  • Snake Bites / complications
  • Snake Bites / epidemiology*
  • Snake Bites / mortality
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / etiology