Cancer Treat Res. 2019:176:269-287. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-99716-2_13.


Mature T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (T-cell NHL) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoid malignancies including NK/T-cell lymphomas. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an important component of the management of T-cell NHL; however, the optimal timing and type of transplant for each different subtype is an ongoing debate. For the purpose of this chapter, PTCL will be classified as (1) systemic PTCL that includes nodal as well as non-nodal histologies in PTCL (2) CTCL-or cutaneous T-cell lymphomas that arise primarily in the skin and (3) NK/T-cell lymphomas both nasal and extranasal types. It is difficult to do any large trials in PTCL as they are rare diseases with variable clinical and biological characteristics and most patients are not transplant eligible due to various reasons including poor disease control. There are no randomized trials in transplant for PTCL but there is an experience based on retrospective as well as some well-designed prospective trials that have helped outline the role of HSCT in the treatment paradigm of PTCL. High-dose therapy and autologous HCT is recommended in first complete remission for most systemic (non-cutaneous) nodal subtypes, or peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL). Autologous HCT can provide long-term remission for relapsed PTCL but is ineffective for refractory/chemoresistant disease. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation harnesses the graft-versus-lymphoma effect, providing long-term remission for relapsed PTCL. AlloHCT is also being used successfully to provide long-term disease control for advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). The use of transplant in NK/T-cell lymphoma is increasingly being recommended in the relapsed setting only as there are more effective treatments available for the upfront setting in limited stage disease.

Keywords: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation; Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation; Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma; Graft-versus-lymphoma; NK/T-cell lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell lymphoma.

MeSH terms

  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral* / diagnosis
  • Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral* / therapy
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Transplantation, Autologous