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Observational Study
, 123 (5), 813-819

Predictors and Changes in Cardiac Hemodynamics and Geometry With Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

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Observational Study

Predictors and Changes in Cardiac Hemodynamics and Geometry With Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Fawaz Alenezi et al. Am J Cardiol.

Abstract

The introduction of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has revolutionized the treatment of patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). However, despite the great clinical success of TAVI, less is known about the cardiac hemodynamics and structural changes to post-TAVI. We analyzed patients with AS who had a transthoracic echocardiography at most 6 months before index TAVI and follow-up transthoracic echocardiography 9 to 18 months later, performed at Duke University Medical Center from 2012 to 2014. A total of 152 TAVI patients with a median age of 81 years (median interquartile range 74 to 86) were included. TAVI resulted in the reduction of left ventricle (LV) mass index (g/m2), median (interquartile range) 130 (115 to 157) pre versus 106 (85 to 135) post, p <0.001; LV end-diastolic volume (ml) 127 (105 to 143) pre versus 120 (100 to 143) post, p = 0.013; and LV end-systolic volume (ml) 55 (38 to 77) pre versus 45 (40 to 65) post, p = 0.027. TAVI also significantly improved LV global longitudinal strain (%) -14.4 (-11.3, -15.5) pre versus -14.8 (-12.2, -16.6) post (p <0.001, respectively). Post-TAVI LV mass regression was predicted by baseline LV mass and LV global longitudinal strain whereas post-TAVI LV ejection fraction was predicted by baseline LV ejection fraction, LV mass, and post-TAVI paravalvular leak. In conclusion, TAVI results in significant cardiac hemodynamic, geometrical, and functional changes at approximately 1-year postprocedure for patients with AS. Better baseline myocardial structure and function leads to more reverse remodeling.

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