Quantification of cells recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage. Comparison of cytocentrifuge preparations with the filter method

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Jul;138(1):74-80. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/138.1.74.


Controversy exists as to the appropriate methods to use in the processing of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid for total cell numbers and cellular differential analysis. It has been shown that cell losses (primarily lymphocytes) occur by the most commonly employed methods. Therefore, we examined the total cell and differential counts obtained by several methods of cytocentrifuge preparation and by the filter preparation in 46 consecutive patients with interstitial lung disease and 29 healthy volunteers undergoing bronchoalveolar lavage. The retrieved lavage fluid was pooled, and an aliquot was used to determine the total cell count, cell viability, and the differential cell count by the filter and cytocentrifuge techniques. The remaining fluid was centrifuged (800 g for 10 min), and the cell pellet was resuspended in Hank's balanced salt solution without Ca2+ and Mg2+. An aliquot of these centrifuged and resuspended cells was used for repeat determination of the cell viability, total cell count, and cellular differential by cytocentrifuge technique. Autologous serum was added to another aliquot of these centrifuged and resuspended cells to arrive at a 10% protein solution, and the cellular differential obtained by cytocentrifuged preparation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology*
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / pathology
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Survival
  • Centrifugation
  • Cytological Techniques*
  • Filtration / methods
  • Humans
  • Time Factors