Antibiotic resistance, the 3As and the road ahead

Gut Pathog. 2018 Dec 22;10:52. doi: 10.1186/s13099-018-0280-7. eCollection 2018.


Antibiotic resistance is by far one of the most important health threats of our time. Only a global concerted effort of several disciplines based on the One-Health concept will help in slowing down this process and potentially mitigate the ruin of healthcare we have come to enjoy. In this review, we attempt to summarize the most basic and important topics that serve as good information tools to create Awareness. The Availability of antibiotics or the lack thereof is another significant factor that must be given thought, and finally because antibiotic resistance is a problem that will not go away, it is important to have Alternatives. Together, we have the 3As, essential concepts, in dealing with this growing and complex problem.

Keywords: Antibiotic resistance; Awareness; Healthcare; Microbiome; One-Health.

Publication types

  • Review