Purpose of review: The aim of this review is to emphasize the role of neutrophils in patients with occupational asthma. This review facilitates a better understanding, accurate diagnosis, and proper management of asthmatic reactions provoked at the workplace.
Recent findings: Increased recruitment and infiltration of neutrophils are found in patients with occupational asthma. Activated neutrophils release several mediators including pro-inflammatory cytokines and extracellular traps, leading to stimulation of airway epithelium and other inflammatory cells.
Summary: New insights into neutrophils in the pathogenesis of occupational asthma may provide a novel approach to the individual patient with occupational asthma.