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Review
. 2018 Nov 21;3:93.
doi: 10.21037/tgh.2018.11.03. eCollection 2018.

Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Gastrojejunostomy

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Free PMC article
Review

Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Gastrojejunostomy

Enad Dawod et al. Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Endoscopic ultrasound guided gastrojejunostomy (EUS-GJ) has been mostly employed in the treatment of benign and malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). Additionally, EUS-GJ has been used in the treatment of afferent loop syndrome. EUS-GJ has been employed in the treatment of benign and malignant GOO. EUS-GJ has also been used in the treatment of afferent loop syndrome. EUS-GJ involves obtaining access to the jejunum endoscopically and sonographically from the stomach, using a biflanged lumen apposing metal stent (LAMS). This is achieved through a newly formed fistulous tract. Thus creating a gastrojejunal bypass fully endoscopically. Several techniques have been described in preforming EUS-GJ but no method has been shown to be superior. In afferent loop syndrome initial data show high technical and clinical success rates and decreased need for reintervention. With malignant GOO, data available from the limited number of studies conducted demonstrated he superiority of EUS-GJ when compared to standard enteral stenting in terms of decreasing recurrence of GOO and need for reintervention. With benign GOO, EUS-GE offers a solution to the long-term patency and recurrence issue encountered with enteral stenting and endoscopic balloon dilation. EUS-GJ offers a less invasive approach than surgery for the treatment of several etiologies, giving the patients the option to avoid adverse events associated with surgery.

Keywords: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS); gastrojejunal anastomosis.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflicts of Interest: JM Nieto, consultant for Boston Scientific. E Dawod has no conflicts of interest to declare.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Steps of EUS-GJ. EUS-GJ, endoscopic ultrasound guided gastrojejunostomy.
Figure 2
Figure 2
CT abdomen after EUS-GJ showing the LAMS. EUS-GJ, endoscopic ultrasound guided gastrojejunostomy; LAMS, lumen apposing metal stent.

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