Hepatic compartment syndrome is an increase in intrahepatic pressure sufficient to cause compromised hepatic perfusion. Early recognition and prompt management are essential for preventing catastrophic consequences including ischemic liver failure and hypovolemic shock. This is the rare case of laparoscopic adrenalectomy resulting in subcapsular hepatic hematoma with hepatic compartment syndrome. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography demonstrated extensive subcapsular hepatic hematoma with collapse of portal vein and inferior vena cava suggesting impending compartment syndrome. Diagnostical catheter angiography of the liver revealed innumerable foci of petechial extravasation from disrupted isolated arteries. Emergent percutaneous catheter decompression and transarterial embolization were successful.
Keywords: Hepatic compartment syndrome; Laparoscopic adrenalectomy; Percutaneous catheter drainage; Subcapsular hepatic hematoma; Therapeutic embolization.