Pre-operative optimisation of the surgical patient with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes: a practical review

Anaesthesia. 2019 Jan:74 Suppl 1:58-66. doi: 10.1111/anae.14510.


Peri-operative hyperglycaemia, whether the cause is known diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes or stress hyperglycaemia, is a risk factor for harm, increased length of stay and death. There is increasing evidence that peri-operative hyperglycaemia is a modifiable risk factor, and many of the interventions required to improve the outcome of surgery must be instituted before the actual surgical admission. These interventions depend on communication and collaboration within the multidisciplinary team along each stage of the patient journey to ensure that integration of care occurs across the whole of the patient-centred care pathway.

Keywords: diabetes; optimisation; stress hyperglycaemia; undiagnosed diabetes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose
  • Diabetes Mellitus / diagnosis*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Insulin / therapeutic use
  • Preoperative Care / methods*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin