Prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis D Virus Infections in the United States, 2011-2016

Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Aug 1;69(4):709-712. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz001.


Among adults in the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), the estimated prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was 0.36% overall and 3.4% in non-Hispanic Asians. Among adult HBsAg carriers, 42% had antibodies to hepatitis delta virus (anti-HDV). Routine anti-HDV testing should be considered for HBsAg carriers.

Keywords: HBV; HDV; NHANES; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Hepatitis B / epidemiology*
  • Hepatitis D / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Prevalence
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult