Spin-Selective Transmission in Chiral Folded Metasurfaces

Nano Lett. 2019 Jun 12;19(6):3432-3439. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b04521. Epub 2019 Jan 10.


Controlling the spin angular momentum of light (or circular polarization state) plays a crucial role in the modern photonic applications such as optical communication, circular dichroism spectroscopy, and quantum information processing. However, the conventional approaches to manipulate the spin of light require naturally occurring chiral or birefringent materials of bulky sizes due to the weak light-matter interactions. Here we experimentally demonstrate an approach to implement spin-selective transmission in the infrared region based on chiral folded metasurfaces that are capable of transmitting one spin state of light while largely prohibiting the other. Due to the intrinsic chirality of the folded metasurface, a remarkable circular dichroism as large as 0.7 with the maximum transmittance exceeding 92% is experimentally demonstrated. The giant circular dichroism is interpreted within the framework of charge-current multipole expansion. Moreover, the intrinsic chirality can be readily controlled by manipulating the folding angle of the metasurface with respect to the cardinal plane. Benefiting from its strong chirality and spin-dependent transmission characteristics, the proposed folded metasurface may be applied to a range of novel photon-spin selective devices for optical communication technologies and biophotonics.

Keywords: Folded metasurface; intrinsic chirality; spin-selective transmission; subwavelength optics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't