Background: The Colorado Asthma Toolkit Program (CATP) has been shown to improve processes of care with less evidence demonstrating improved outcomes.
Objective: To model the association between pre-and-post-CATP status and asthma-related process and outcome measures among patients ages 5 to 64 years receiving care in safety-net primary care practices.
Methods: This is an implementation study involving secondary prepost analysis of existing structured clinical, administrative, and claims data. Nine primary care practices in a federally qualified health center network implemented the CATP. Processes of care and health and utilization outcomes were evaluated prepost implementation in a cohort of patients with asthma using generalized linear mixed models.
Results: The study cohort included 2678 patients age 5 to 64 years with at least one visit to one of the 9 participating practices during the study period (March 12, 2010 to December 1, 2012). A comparison of 12 months pre- and post-CATP implementation showed improvement in some process measures of asthma care associated with the intervention, including the rate of asthma-severity measurement, although no change in 2 Health care Effectiveness Data and Information Set measures: asthma medication ratio and medication management for people with asthma. We also found no change in asthma outcomes measured across multiple domains: exacerbations, utilization, symptom scores, and pulmonary physiology measures.
Conclusions: Implementation of the CATP in a primary care setting led to some improved processes of asthma care, but no changes in measured outcomes. Recommendations for future work include supplemental follow-up training including case review.
Keywords: Asthma; Colorado; Outcomes Assessment; Primary Health Care.
© Copyright 2019 by the American Board of Family Medicine.