Platelet-rich plasma or blood-derived products to improve endometrial receptivity?

J Assist Reprod Genet. 2019 Apr;36(4):613-620. doi: 10.1007/s10815-018-1386-z. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Abstract

The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to improve endometrial receptivity is gaining increasing attention in assisted reproduction technologies. The authors report that autologous PRP intrauterine administration improves pregnancy and birth rates, particularly in cases of patients presenting poor endometrial growth. Different groups of scientists proposed a similar approach years ago using whole blood-derived products also to improve endometrial receptivity. The important role played by cytokines and growth factors during embryo implantation has been well-known for a long time. These signaling molecules are present and released by blood cells during physiological, normal endometrial growth and implantation. Similar blood mediators are released from platelet granules upon a blood vessel injury. Methods described for PRP preparation for intrauterine administration are not precise, and they seem to be similar to those used to prepare peripheral blood-derived products. Thus, it is possible that when preparing PRP from whole blood, the final plasma product used as "PRP" contains platelets in addition to the important cytokines and growth factors released by the peripheral blood mononuclear cells present in the whole blood. Precise knowledge of the identity, concentration, and effects of the individual blood factors, their origin, whether platelets or blood mononuclear cells, will greatly contribute to improve and to make results obtained in fertility treatments more repeatable.

Publication types

  • Editorial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism
  • Cytokines / genetics
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Embryo Implantation / drug effects
  • Endometrium / drug effects*
  • Endometrium / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / cytology
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism
  • Platelet Transfusion*
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma / cytology
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma / metabolism*
  • Pregnancy
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted*

Substances

  • Cytokines
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins