Review: Pathology and Its Clinical Relevance of Mucinous Appendiceal Neoplasms and Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2019 Mar;18(1):1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clcc.2018.11.007. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Abstract

Until recently, many classifications existed for the terminology and histopathologic classification of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms, mucinous appendiceal adenocarcinomas, and pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). A major accomplishment was achieved by consensus-based histopathologic classifications on behalf of the Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International regarding mucinous appendiceal tumours and PMP. As different classifications were used over the years and also owing to the rare nature of these tumors, many clinicians are not familiar with the terminology and the impact on patient management. Hence, an overview concerning mucinous appendiceal neoplasms, mucinous appendiceal adenocarcinomas, and PMP is provided to serve as an introduction into the basic morphology of these tumors with tentative recommendations for management.

Keywords: HAMN; LAMN; Management; Mucinous appendiceal adenocarcinoma; Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology*
  • Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / pathology*