Executive summary of European guidance for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2019 Jan;31(1):15-17. doi: 10.1007/s40520-018-1109-4. Epub 2019 Jan 5.


A guidance on the assessment and treatment of postmenopausal women at risk from fractures due to osteoporosis was recently published in Osteoporosis International as a joint effort of the International Osteoporosis Foundation and European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (Kanis et al. Osteoporos Int, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-018-4704-5 , 2018). This manuscript updates the previous guideline document, published in 2013 (Kanis et al. Osteoporos Int 24:23-57, 2013) and is written from a European perspective. The present article reports and summarizes the main recommendations included in this 2018 guidance document (Fig. 1).

Keywords: Bone mineral density; Diagnosis of osteoporosis; FRAX; Fracture risk assessment; Health economics; Treatment of osteoporosis.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bone Density
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Calcium / therapeutic use*
  • Europe
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / complications
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / diagnosis*
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / therapy*
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / etiology
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / prevention & control
  • Risk Assessment


  • Bone Density Conservation Agents
  • Calcium