Adaptive vehicle extraction in real-time traffic video monitoring based on the fusion of multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm

EURASIP J Image Video Process. 2018;2018(1):145. doi: 10.1186/s13640-018-0381-8. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Abstract

In view of the problems in the real-time traffic video monitoring that the adaptive vehicle extraction is greatly affected by the environmental factors such as the illumination, noise, and so on; the missed detection and error detection rate is high; and it is difficult to meet the robustness and the real-time performance at the same time, a kind of method for the adaptive vehicle extraction in real-time traffic video monitoring based on the fusion of multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm is put forward. In this method, based on the multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm, adaptive binarization processing is carried out on the image first, and the interference points are removed by filtration through the erosion and expansion method. Simple and effective method is used to carry out the merger of the shadow line and the extraction of the real-time traffic video. In the algorithm, the information entropy in the target area and the symmetry characteristics of the vehicle tail are used to screen and identify the region of interest, which has reduced the missed detection and error detection rate of the algorithm. The multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm is used to extract the vehicle boundaries and has achieved relatively good effect. The results show that the detection accuracy is 89% and the average operating speed is 17.6 frames/s during the processing of the real-time traffic video with the resolution of 640 × 480.

Keywords: Adaptive vehicle extraction; Multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm; Real-time traffic video; Vehicle detection.