Prevalence and Predictors of Suicidal Ideation, Plan, and Attempts, in First-Year College Students With ADHD

J Am Coll Health. 2020 Apr;68(3):313-319. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2018.1549555. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Abstract

Objective. The present study evaluated the prevalence of past suicidal ideation (SI), plan, and attempt in college students with ADHD (N = 102) compared to a matched control (N = 102). Predictors of SI, plan, and attempts, were examined. Participants. Study participants were first year college students at a large Southeastern university who completed measures during August or September of 2014 or January of 2015. Methods. Measures were completed by first year students via an online survey. Results. Prevalence rates for SI and related behaviors were higher among the ADHD group than the matched control, with suicide attempts rates four times higher in the ADHD group (13.7% vs. 2.9%). Results showed that ADHD predicted rates of SI and suicide attempt accounting for depression and key demographic variables. Conclusions. Findings have implications for suicide risk assessments conducted with college students with ADHD.

Keywords: ADHD; college students; depression; suicidal behaviors; suicidal ideation.