Individualized counselling for active aging: protocol of a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial among older people (the AGNES intervention study)

BMC Geriatr. 2019 Jan 7;19(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s12877-018-1012-z.

Abstract

Background: Active aging has been established as a policy goal for aging societies. We define active aging at the individual level as striving for elements of well-being through activities in relation to a person's goals, functional capacities and opportunities. Increasing evidence suggests that any meaningful activity is beneficial for different aspects of well-being in older people. The aim of the present randomized controlled trial is to test the feasibility and effectiveness of a one-year community-based intervention on active aging. The AGNES intervention aims at increasing older peoples' participation in self-selected valued activities.

Methods: The proposed study is a two-arm single-blinded randomized controlled trial. The intervention group receives individually tailored counselling for an active life (one face-to-face session, four phone calls and supportive written material) and the control group written general health information only. Two hundred older adults aged 75- and 80- year old, with intermediate mobility function and without cognitive impairment, living independently in the municipality of Jyväskylä, Finland, are recruited and randomized with a 1:1 allocation to the intervention and control group. Randomization is computer-generated stratified by sex and age. The primary outcome is active aging and secondary outcomes are well-being, depressive symptoms, quality of life, personal goals, mobility and physical activity. Measures are administered at pre-trial, mid-trial (at 6 months) and post-trial (12 months after baseline).

Discussion: The AGNES intervention study will provide new knowledge on the effects of individualized counselling on active aging and the potential of older people to promote their own well-being.

Trial registration: The trial is registered at ISRCTN - ISRCTN16172390 : Promoting well-being through active aging.

Keywords: Aging; Autonomy support; Behavior change; Individualized counselling; Mobility; Participation; Physical activity; Quality of life; Theory-based intervention.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging / physiology
  • Aging / psychology*
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / epidemiology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / psychology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / therapy
  • Counseling / methods*
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Depression / psychology
  • Depression / therapy
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Exercise / psychology*
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Health Behavior* / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Single-Blind Method

Associated data

  • ISRCTN/ISRCTN16172390